In the gasification process, the source biomass (usually MSW) is heated to over 700 degrees C with a controlled amount of oxygen. In an anaerobic environment, biomass decomposes to form methane, which is a valuable source of energy. Unlike other renewable energy sources such as wind or solar energy, biomass energy is stored in the body and can be harvested when needed. The most common biomass materials used for energy production are plants, wood and waste. You can also get deep knowledge regarding gasification technology through https://www.dasturenergy.com/gasification/ online.
Biomass is rich in hydrogen, which can be chemically extracted and used to produce energy and power vehicles. Currently, global efforts to reduce reliance on fossil fuels and the associated exploration of renewable energy sources are key factors in the growing popularity of gasification systems. In the future, waste gasification projects may also benefit from renewable energy subsidies and carbon credits based on the methane and fossil fuel emissions they offset.
Factors affecting gasification gas production are temperature, gasification agent, biomass fuel properties, particle size, operating pressure, equivalence ratio, catalyst addition, and type of gasifier.
The U.S. Department of Energy's Gasification Systems program develops innovative modular designs to convert various types of coal into pure syngas to provide low-cost production of electricity, transportation fuels, chemicals, hydrogen, and other useful products to meet the market need.