Parkinson’s disease is a fairly frequent condition with the nervous system which is due to problems with the nerve cells in the part of the brain which produces dopamine. That is a chemical that is required for the consistent management of muscles as well as movement, so the clinical features of the condition is caused by a loss of that dopamine. Parkinson’s disease mainly affects individuals aged over 65, however it may and will appear at earlier ages with 5-10% happening before the age of 40.
The main symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are a tremor or trembling, which usually starts off in a arm or hand; there is frequently a muscle rigidity or stiffness as well as a slowness of movement; the alignment gets to be more stooped; there are also balance issues. Parkinson’s may bring about increased pain and result in depression and create issues with memory and also sleep. There is not any particular test for the diagnosis of Parkinson’s. The diagnosis will likely be made based mostly on the history of the clinical features, a physical and neurological evaluation. Different reasons for the signs and symptoms should be excluded. There are investigative assessments, for example a CAT diagnostic scan or MRI, that can be used to eliminate other issues. Occasionally a dopamine transporter diagnostic might also be used.
The exact reason for Parkinson’s isn't known. It does seem to have both hereditary and environmental components to it and some experts are convinced that a virus could trigger Parkinson’s too. Reduced levels of dopamine and norepinephrine, a chemical that regulates the dopamine, have been reported in individuals with Parkinson’s, but it is uncertain how you get that. Irregular proteins which are identified as Lewy bodies have also been located in the brains of people that have got Parkinson’s; however, experts don’t know what function they would play in the development of Parkinson’s. While the precise cause just isn't known, studies have identified risk factors that determine categories of those who are more likely to get the problem. Men are more than one and a half times more prone to get Parkinson’s compared to females. Caucasians are much more prone to have the disease as compared to African Americans or Asians. Those who have close members of the family which have Parkinsons disease are more likely to develop it, suggesting the genetic contribution. A number of harmful toxins could raise the potential for the disease, suggesting a role in the environment. People who experience issues with brain injuries may be more prone to go on and have Parkinson’s disease.
There isn't any known remedy for Parkinsons disease. That will not suggest that the symptoms can not be treated. The primary strategy is to use drugs to increase or alternative to the dopamine. A healthy diet with regular exercise is essential. There could be adjustments made to the environment both at home and work to maintain the individual included and engaged. There are also some options occasionally for brain medical procedures which can be used to lessen a number of the motor signs and symptoms. A large team of different health professionals are frequently needed.