Podiatry is that healthcare vocation that is specializing in the knowledge, management and prevention of foot and related problems. The point that there exists a whole profession focused on the foot, really indicates precisely how significant and crucial the feet are. There are so many problems that can go wrong with all the feet, that may have such big effects around the daily life, that special care is essential for this part of the body.
Podiatrists make use of a number of treatment options to manage conditions of the foot. Those problems range from minor lesions on the skin (which includes calluses) to nail conditions (including thickened nails) to toe problems (such as hallux valgus) to bone and joint problems (such as heel spurs) to foot traumas (like bony injury). The therapy opportunities range between very simple scalpel use to debride skin lesions to the highly skilled process of managing an ingrown toenail without pain to the usage of foot orthotics to support various regions of the foot to the advice given to joggers with regards to their exercising loads and running shoes to handling the various joint disease problems to using everything that they're able to to deal with the issues of diabetes that may be dangerous if not necessarily handled correctly.
They can be found in a multitude of work environments. They may be in single private practice, in group or neighborhood centered treatment centers, in hospitals or in consultant treatment centers for example joint disease hospitals, diabetic foot clinics or sports medicine clinics and training centers of educational institutions. There is a wide selection of specialities within podiatry. Some will take up an educational or research occupations.
The vocation can be quite distinct in different nations around the world. It ranges from on one side, in the USA in which Podiatrists have full medical, surgical and prescription drug rights to deal with foot conditions to another end wherein a few European countries they can be restricted to straightforward superficial skin conditions. These differences in the scope and nature of practice is reflected in the education of podiatrists. In the USA, the podiatry qualification is a four year post grad qualification with the requirement of a 3 year residency after that before they get licensed. In certain European countries, it is just a 1 or 2 year college or university based qualification. For nations including Australia and the UK, it's a four year undergrad education, with all the surgical teaching being a post-graduate course that all of them do not always engage in. They are licenced to practice after the four years, however with out surgical rights.
The long term prospects for podiatry is a great one. It is purely one of demographics. The populace is getting more aged and the elderly acquire more foot disorders, hence the need for podiatry will most likely keep growing progressively with time as long as the population continue to grow older. Also, the catastrophe with the obesity epidemic that is impacting every nation is only adding to a huge rise in the incidence of type 2 diabetes and its associated foot troubles that are going to need to be handled. Additionally, physical fitness is now being more widely touted to handle the health and wellbeing repercussions of the obesity epidemic and that's likely to bring on more foot conditions as more people workout.